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ISSN : 2092-8475(Print)
ISSN : (Online)
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research Vol.12 No.2 pp.2365-2369
DOI : https://doi.org/10.20540/JIAPTR.2021.12.1.2365

Effect of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Combined with Traditional Dysphagia Rehabilitation on Masseter Muscle Thickness and Bite Force in Stroke with Dysphagia Patient

Myunglyeol Leea,Kuija Leea,Jinuk Kima
aDepartment of Emergency Medical Services, Kyungdong University;Department of Emergency Medical Services, Kyungdong University;Department of Emergency Medical Services, Kyungdong University

Abstract

Background: Patients with dysphagia after stroke are treated with neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), but its effect on masseter muscle thickness and bite force in the oral phase is not well known.
Objectives: To investigated the effect of NMES on masseter muscle thickness and occlusal force in patients with dysphagia after stroke.
Design: Two group, pre-post design.
Methods: In this study, 25 patients with dysphagia after stroke were recruited and allocated to either the experimental or the control groups. Patients in the experimental group were treated with NMES to the masseter muscle at the motor level for 30 minutes and were additionally treated with traditional swallowing rehabilitation for 30 minutes. In contrast, patients in the control group were only treated with traditional swallowing rehabilitation for 30 minutes. Masseter muscle thickness was measured using ultrasonography before and after intervention, and bite force was measured using an bite force meter.
Results: The experimental group showed significant improvement in masseter muscle thickness and bite force compared to the control group.
Conclusion: NMES combined with traditional dysphagia rehabilitation is effective in improving masseter muscle thickness and bite force in patients with dysphagia after stroke.

초록

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