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ISSN : 2092-8475(Print)
ISSN : (Online)
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research Vol.12 No.3 pp.2393-2402
DOI : https://doi.org/10.20540/10.20540/JIAPTR.2021.12.3.2393

Effect of Functional Electrical Stimulation on Balance and Gait in Patients with Subacute Stroke

Dohyung Kim,Hojung An,Wansuk Choi,Shinjun Park,Soonhee Kim
Office of External Affairs & Public Relations, Gachon University;Department of Physical Therapy, Dongnam Health University;Department of Physical Therapy, International University of Korea;Department of Physical Therapy, Suwon Women’s University;Department of Physical Therapy, Yongin University

Abstract

Background: Stroke patients have dosiflexor weakness. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) for motor and sensory threshold stimulation has been applied to patients with stroke.
Objectives: To investigate effects of FES intervention for motor and sensory threshold on balance and gait in subacute patients with stroke.
Design: A randomized controlled trial.
Methods: In all, 34 patients with subacute stroke were recruited and randomly assigned to the motor threshold (MTG, n=17) and sensory threshold group (STG, n=17). The measured variables were static balance (BioRescue), dynamic balance (BBS), and gait (TUG test). The study period was 5 weeks, twice a day, 5 days a week.
Results: There was a significant difference in all variables except the speed variable (open eye Romberg test) after the intervention; MTG improved more significantly except for the speed variable of the Romberg test (open eye). BBS score increased significantly only in the MTG group after the intervention, and the increase was more significant in the MTG group than in the STG group. The TUG test significantly decreased in both groups after the intervention, and the decrease was more significant in the MTG group than in the STG group.
Conclusion: FES for motor threshold applied to patients with subacute stroke appears to be more effective in improving balance and gait ability than FES for sensory threshold.

초록

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